来源:https://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2024-02-13 发布人:


1. Electric forklift


Powered by an electric motor and powered by a battery. The carrying capacity is 1.0-4.8 tons, and the width of the working passage is generally 3.5-5.0 meters. Due to its lack of pollution and low noise, it is widely used in industries with high environmental requirements, such as pharmaceuticals and food. Due to the fact that each battery usually needs to be charged after about 8 hours of operation, backup batteries need to be equipped for multi shift working conditions, and there should be a dedicated charging point in the workplace.


2. Storage Forklift


Warehouse forklifts are mainly designed for handling goods in warehouses. Except for a few warehouse forklifts (such as manual pallet forklifts) that are manually driven, others are all electric motor driven and widely used in the warehousing industry due to their compact body, flexible movement, light weight, and good environmental performance. When working in multiple shifts, electric motor driven storage forklifts need to have backup batteries and there should be a dedicated charging point in the workplace.


(1) Electric pallet handling forklift


The carrying capacity is 1.6-3.0 tons, the width of the working passage is generally 2.3-2.8 meters, and the lifting height of the cargo fork is generally around 210mm. It is mainly used for horizontal handling and cargo loading and unloading in the warehouse. There are generally two operating modes: walking and standing driving, which can be selected according to efficiency requirements.


(2) Electric pallet stacker forklift


The carrying capacity is 1.0-1.6 tons, and the width of the working passage is generally 2.3-2.8 meters. In terms of structure, it has an additional gantry compared to electric pallet handling forklifts, and the lifting height of the forks is generally within 4.8 meters. It is mainly used for stacking and loading and unloading goods in the warehouse.



(3) Forward moving forklift


The load-bearing capacity is 1.0-2.5 tons, and the gantry can be moved forward or retracted as a whole. When retracted, the width of the working passage is generally 2.7-3.2 meters, and the lifting height can reach about 11 meters. It is commonly used for stacking and picking up goods at medium and equal heights in warehouses.


(4) Electric Picking Forklift


In certain working conditions (such as supermarket distribution centers), it is not necessary to ship the entire pallet, but to select multiple varieties of goods according to the order to form a pallet, which is called picking. According to the height of the picked goods, electric picking forklifts can be divided into low level picking forklifts (within 2.5 meters) and medium high level picking forklifts (up to 10 meters high).


The bearing capacity is 2.0-2.5 tons (low position) and 1.0-1.2 tons (medium high position, with cab lift).


(5) Low position driving three way stacking forklift


Usually equipped with a three-way stacking head, forklifts do not need to turn, and the forks can rotate to stack and pick up goods on both sides. The aisle width is 1.5-2.0 meters, and the lifting height can reach 12 meters. The cab of the forklift is always on the ground and cannot be lifted. Considering the limitations of the operating field of view, it is mainly used for lifting working conditions with a height of less than 6 meters.


(6) High position driving three way stacking forklift


Similar to the low position driving three way stacking forklift, the high position driving three way stacking forklift is also equipped with a three way stacking head, with a channel width of 1.5-2.0 meters and a lifting height of up to 14.5 meters. The cab can be raised, and the driver can clearly observe goods at any height, and can also perform picking operations. High position driving three way stacking forklifts have better efficiency and various performance than low position driving three way stacking forklifts, so this model has gradually replaced low position driving three way stacking forklifts.


(7) Electric tractor


The tractor is driven by an electric motor and utilizes its traction capacity (3.0-25 tons) to pull several small carts loaded with goods from behind. Often used for the transportation of large quantities of goods within or between workshops, such as transportation from automotive manufacturing warehouses to assembly lines, and luggage transportation at airports.


3. Internal combustion forklift


Internal combustion forklifts are further divided into ordinary internal combustion forklifts, heavy-duty forklifts, container forklifts, and side forklifts. Generally, diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas, or natural gas engines are used as power sources, with a large load-bearing capacity and can generally carry a weight of more than 5 tons. Considering exhaust emissions and noise issues, they are usually used outdoors in places where there are no special requirements for exhaust emissions and noise. Due to the convenience of fuel replenishment, it can achieve long-term continuous operation and is capable of working in harsh environments.


2、 Forklift model and configuration selection


The selection of vehicle models and configurations generally starts from the following aspects:


(1) Assignment function

叉车的基本作业功能分为水平搬运、堆垛 /取货、装货/卸货、拣选。根据企业所要达到的作业功能可以从上面介绍的车型中初步确定。另外,特殊的作业功能会影响到叉车的具体配置,如搬运的是纸卷、铁水等,需要叉车安装属具来完成特殊功能。

The basic job functions of a forklift include horizontal handling, stacking/picking, loading/unloading, and picking. Based on the job functions that the enterprise needs to achieve, it can be preliminarily determined from the models introduced above. In addition, special homework functions can affect the specific configuration of forklifts, such as handling paper rolls, molten iron, etc., which require forklifts to install accessories to complete special functions.


(2) Homework requirements


The operational requirements of a forklift include general requirements such as pallet or cargo specifications, lifting height, working channel width, and climbing degree. At the same time, it is necessary to consider requirements such as operational efficiency (different vehicle models have different efficiency) and operational habits (such as whether to drive or stand).


(3) Working environment


If the goods or warehouse environment that the enterprise needs to transport have environmental requirements such as noise or exhaust emissions, consideration should be given to the selection of vehicle models and configurations. If it is in a cold storage or an environment with explosion-proof requirements, the configuration of the forklift should also be cold storage or explosion-proof. Carefully examine the locations that forklifts need to pass through during operation, and imagine possible issues, such as whether the height of the door during entry and exit affects the forklift; The impact of elevator height and load on forklifts when entering and exiting the elevator; Whether the load-bearing capacity of the floor meets the corresponding requirements when working upstairs, and so on.

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