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济南叉车租赁告诉您叉车的基本知识

来源:http://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2021-08-17 发布人:hangong

1、额定起重量:叉车的额定起重量是指货物重心至货叉前壁的距离不大于载荷中心距时,允许起升的货物的大重量,以t (吨)表示。当货叉上的货物重心超出了规定的载荷中心距时,由于叉车纵向稳定性的限制,起重量应相应减小。

1. Rated lifting capacity: the rated lifting capacity of the forklift refers to the large weight of the goods allowed to be lifted when the distance from the center of gravity of the goods to the front wall of the fork is not greater than the load center distance, expressed in t (ton). When the center of gravity of the goods on the fork exceeds the specified load center distance, the lifting capacity shall be reduced accordingly due to the limitation of the longitudinal stability of the forklift.
2、大起升速度:叉车大起升速度通常是指叉车满载时,货物起升的大速度,以·m/min (米/分) 表示。提高大起升速度,可以提高作业效率
2. Large lifting speed: the large lifting speed of forklift usually refers to the large lifting speed of goods when the forklift is fully loaded, expressed in · M / min (M / min). Increasing the large lifting speed can improve the operation efficiency
;但起升速度过限,容易发生货损和机损事故。目前国内叉车的大起升速度已提高到20m/min。
; However, if the lifting speed is too limited, cargo damage and machine damage accidents are easy to occur. At present, the large lifting speed of domestic forklift has been increased to 20m / min.
3、高行驶速度;提高行驶速度对提高叉车的作业效率有很大影响。对手起重量为1t的内燃叉车,其满载时高行驶速度不少于17m/min。
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3. High driving speed; Increasing the driving speed has a great impact on improving the operation efficiency of forklift. For an internal combustion forklift with a lifting capacity of 1t, its high driving speed at full load shall not be less than 17m / min.
4、载荷中心距:载荷中心距是指在货叉上放置标准的货物时,其重心到货叉垂直段前壁的水平距离,以mm(毫米)表示。对于1t叉车规定载荷中心距为500mm。
4. Load center distance: load center distance refers to the horizontal distance between the center of gravity and the front wall of the vertical section of the fork when placing standard goods on the fork, expressed in mm (mm). For 1t forklift, the specified load center distance is 500mm.
5、大起升高度:大起升高度是指在平坦坚实的地面上:叉车满载,货物升至高位置时,货叉水平段的上表面离地面的垂直距离。
5. Large lifting height: large lifting height refers to the vertical distance from the upper surface of the horizontal section of the fork to the ground when the forklift is fully loaded and the goods are lifted to the high position on a flat and solid ground.
6、门架倾角,门架倾角是指无载的叉车在平坦坚实的地面上,门架相对其垂直位置向前或向后的大倾角。前倾角的作用是为了便于叉取和卸放货物;后倾角的作用是当叉车带货运行时,预防货物从货叉上滑落。根据作业需要,现代叉车是京城重工和韩国现代合资的产品!   一般叉车前倾角为3°~6°,后倾角为10°~12°。
6. Gantry inclination refers to the large inclination of the gantry forward or backward relative to its vertical position when the unloaded forklift is on a flat and solid ground. The function of rake angle is to facilitate forking and unloading of goods; The function of caster angle is to prevent goods from sliding off the forklift when the forklift is running with goods. According to the operation needs, Hyundai forklift is a joint venture product between Beijing heavy industry and Korea Hyundai! Generally, the front inclination angle of forklift is 3 ° ~ 6 °, and the rear inclination angle is 10 ° ~ 12 °.
7、小转弯半径:当叉车在无载低速行驶、打满方向盘转弯时,车体外侧和内侧至转弯中心的小距离,分别称为小外侧转弯半径Rmin外和小内侧转弯半径rmin内。·小外侧转弯半径愈小,则叉车转弯时需要的地面面积愈小,机动性愈好。
7. Small turning radius: when the forklift drives at low speed without load and turns with full steering wheel, the small distance from the outside and inside of the vehicle body to the turning center is called small outside turning radius Rmin and small inside turning radius Rmin respectively· The smaller the outside turning radius, the smaller the ground area required for forklift turning and the better the mobility.
8、小离地间隙:小离地间隙是指车轮以外,车体上固定的低点至地面的距离,它表示叉车无碰撞地越过地面凸起障碍物的能力。小离地间隙愈大,则叉车的通过性愈高。
8. Small ground clearance: small ground clearance refers to the distance from the fixed low point on the vehicle body to the ground outside the wheel, which indicates the ability of the forklift to cross the raised obstacles on the ground without collision. The larger the small ground clearance, the higher the trafficability of the forklift.
9、轴距及轮距:叉车轴距是指叉车前后桥中心线的水平距离。轮距是指同一轴上左右轮中心的距离。增大轴距、有利于叉车的纵向稳定性,但使车身长度增加,小转弯半径增大。增大轮距,有利于叉车的横向稳定性,但会使车身总宽和小转弯半径增加。
9. Wheelbase and wheel base: the wheelbase of a forklift refers to the horizontal distance between the center lines of the front and rear axles of the forklift. The track width refers to the distance between the centers of the left and right wheels on the same axle. Increasing the wheelbase is conducive to the longitudinal stability of the forklift, but increases the body length and small turning radius. Increasing the track width is conducive to the lateral stability of the forklift, but it will increase the total width of the body and small turning radius.
10、直角通道小宽度:直角通道小宽度是指供叉车往返行驶的成直角相交的通道的小宽度。以mm表示。一般直角通道小宽度愈小,性能愈好。
10. Small width of right angle channel: the small width of right angle channel refers to the small width of right angle intersecting channels for forklift to and from. In mm. Generally, the smaller the right angle channel, the smaller the width, the better the performance.
11、堆垛通道小宽度:堆垛通道小宽度是叉车在正常作业时,通道的小宽
11. Small width of stacking channel: the small width of stacking channel is the small width of the channel during normal operation of forklift
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