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叉车的种类特点以及车型配置选择介绍

来源:https://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2024-01-22 发布人:

叉车,作为现代物流运输的重要搬运工具,是成件托盘货物进行装卸、堆垛和短距离运输、重物搬运作业的各种轮式搬运车辆。广泛应用于港口、车站、机场、货场、工厂车间、仓库、流通中心和配送中心等,并可进入船舱、车厢和集装箱内进行托盘货物的装卸、搬运作业,是托盘运输、集装箱运输中必不可少的设备。

Forklifts, as important handling tools in modern logistics transportation, are various wheeled handling vehicles used for loading and unloading, stacking, short distance transportation, and heavy object handling of palletized goods. Widely used in ports, stations, airports, freight yards, factory workshops, warehouses, circulation centers, and distribution centers, and can enter ship cabins, carriages, and containers for loading, unloading, and handling of palletized goods, it is an essential equipment in pallet transportation and container transportation.

目前市场上可供选择的叉车众多,车型复杂,加之叉车产品本身技术特点非常,因此叉车车型的选择与供应商的选择等是很多企业经常面临的问题为帮助物流等企业合理的选购叉车,本文着重从叉车车型选择、选择、性能评判标准等方面进行介绍。

At present, there are many forklift brands available for selection in the market, with complex models. In addition, forklift products themselves have very professional technical characteristics. Therefore, the selection of forklift models and suppliers is a common problem faced by many enterprises. To help logistics and other enterprises choose forklifts reasonably, this article focuses on introducing forklift model selection, brand selection, performance evaluation standards, and other aspects.

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利用叉车可以实现装卸、搬运作业机械化,减轻劳动强度,节约大量劳动力,提高工作效率,缩短了装卸、搬运、准码的作业时间,加速了物资、车辆周转,很大程度上提高了仓库的利用率,促进库房向多层货架和高架仓库发展,同时减少货物破损,提高了作业的程度。

Forklifts can achieve mechanization of loading, unloading, and handling operations, reduce labor intensity, save a large amount of labor, improve work efficiency, shorten the operation time of loading, unloading, and handling, accelerate the turnover of materials and vehicles, greatly improve warehouse utilization, promote the development of warehouses towards multi-layer shelves and elevated warehouses, reduce goods damage, and improve the safety level of operations.

一、叉车通常可以分为三大类:电动叉车、仓储叉车和内燃叉车。

1、 Forklifts can usually be divided into three categories: electric forklifts, storage forklifts, and internal combustion forklifts.

电动叉车

Electric forklift

以电动机为动力,蓄电池为能源。承载能力1.0~4.8吨,作业通道宽度一般为3.5~5.0米。由于没有污染、噪音小,因此广泛应用于对环境要求较高的工况,如医药、食品等行业。由于每个电池一般在工作约8小时后需要充电,因此对于多班制的工况需要配备备用电池,且在工作场所应有专门的充电处。

Powered by an electric motor and powered by a battery. The carrying capacity is 1.0-4.8 tons, and the width of the working passage is generally 3.5-5.0 meters. Due to its lack of pollution and low noise, it is widely used in industries with high environmental requirements, such as pharmaceuticals and food. Due to the fact that each battery usually needs to be charged after about 8 hours of operation, backup batteries need to be equipped for multi shift working conditions, and there should be a dedicated charging point in the workplace.

仓储叉车

Storage Forklift

仓储叉车主要是为仓库内货物搬运而设计的叉车。除了少数仓储叉车(如手动托盘叉车)是采用人力驱动的,其他都是以电动机驱动的,因其车体紧凑、移动灵活、自重轻和性能好而在仓储业得到普遍应用。在多班作业时,电机驱动的仓储叉车需要有备用电池,且在工作场所应有专门的充电处。

Warehouse forklifts are mainly designed for handling goods in warehouses. Except for a few warehouse forklifts (such as manual pallet forklifts) that are manually driven, others are all electric motor driven and widely used in the warehousing industry due to their compact body, flexible movement, light weight, and good environmental performance. When working in multiple shifts, electric motor driven storage forklifts need to have backup batteries and there should be a dedicated charging point in the workplace.

(1)电动托盘搬运叉车

(1) Electric pallet handling forklift

承载能力1.6~3.0吨,作业通道宽度一般为2.3~2.8米,货叉提升高度一般在210mm左右,主要用于仓库内的水平搬运及货物装卸。一般有步行式和站驾式两种操作方式,可根据效率要求选择。

The carrying capacity is 1.6-3.0 tons, the width of the working passage is generally 2.3-2.8 meters, and the lifting height of the cargo fork is generally around 210mm. It is mainly used for horizontal handling and cargo loading and unloading in the warehouse. There are generally two operating modes: walking and standing driving, which can be selected according to efficiency requirements.

本文由济南二手叉车提供技术支持,更多的详细精彩内容请点击我们的网站http://www.jnhgjx.net我们将会全心全意为您提供满意的服务。

This article is supported by Jinan second-hand forklifts. For more detailed and exciting content, please click on our website http://www.jnhgjx.net We will wholeheartedly provide you with satisfactory service.

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