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叉车轮胎磨损的维护方法有哪些?

来源:https://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2023-08-12 发布人:

1.加强对轮胎的维护,做到“四勤”(即勤查气压、勤查胎温、勤挖石子、勤塞小洞)

1. Strengthen the maintenance of tires and achieve the "four diligence" (i.e. frequently checking air pressure, frequently checking tire temperature, frequently digging stones, and frequently filling small holes)
要按规定气压给轮胎充气,在冷态及一定载荷下定期检查和调整轮胎气压,至少每月一次;夏季由于环境温度较高,如发现胎温过高应适当增加停歇次数,避免强烈阳光直射轮胎,宜将叉停放在阴凉处,不得采用泼冷水降温或放气降压;冬季露天长时间停放时,应在轮胎下面垫上木板,起步时不可立即加速,待轮胎变热后再转入正常行驶。要及时剔除嵌入胎纹之间的金属片、玻璃和碎石等杂物;在清除嵌入的杂物后,如伤口已达胎身,应换新轮胎。要及时检查轮胎的扎钉、割破、鼓包和开裂等情况,如有较深伤洞应用生胶填补。
Inflate the tires according to the prescribed pressure, regularly check and adjust the tire pressure under cold conditions and certain loads, at least once a month; Due to the high ambient temperature in summer, if the tire temperature is found to be too high, the number of stops should be increased appropriately to avoid direct sunlight on the tires. It is advisable to park the fork in a cool place and not use cold water to cool down or deflate to reduce pressure; When parking in the open air for a long time in winter, a wooden board should be placed under the tires. Do not accelerate immediately when starting, and wait for the tires to heat up before returning to normal driving. Timely remove debris such as metal sheets, glass, and crushed stones embedded between tire patterns; After removing embedded debris, if the wound has reached the tire body, a new tire should be replaced. Timely check for punctures, cuts, bulges, and cracks in the tires. If there are deeper holes, they should be filled with raw rubber.
2.拉高底盘的维护质量
2. Improve the maintenance quality of the chassis
及时进行车轮定位的检查和校正,确保前束和外倾角符合设计要求;检查轮辋是否有开裂、变形和明显腐蚀处,如有则应及时修理或换配优质轮辋,确保轮辋与轮胎匹配;及时按规定加注润滑脂并调整轮毂轴承、横拉杆球节、主销衬套间隙至设计值;保持轮胎的平衡,如不平衡则应对车轮进行动平衡试验;经常进行气门嘴排气检查,以确定轮胎内是否已经进油,一旦发现胎内进油,应立即拆下轮胎清洗,同时检查气封、冬季换胎时将轮胎置于温室内使胎品恢复弹性,装入轮辋时在胎口涂抹皂液,以防损伤抬口;新台应先经过磨损行驶200km左右后方可正常使用;行车制动器蹄鼓间隙应调整到设计值,无拖滞;轮毂油封和制动液压缸应无漏油现象,防止油液滴落到轮胎上浸湿橡胶;车轮总成的横向和径向摆动量应符合要求。
济南二手叉车
Timely check and correct wheel alignment to ensure that the toe in and camber angle meet design requirements; Check the wheels for cracks, deformation, and obvious corrosion. If there are any, repair or replace them with high-quality wheels in a timely manner to ensure that the wheels match the tires; Timely add lubricating grease according to regulations and adjust the clearance of wheel hub bearings, tie rod ball joints, and kingpin bushings to the design value; Maintain the balance of the tires, and if not, conduct a dynamic balance test on the wheels; Regularly conduct valve exhaust checks to determine if oil has entered the tire. Once oil is found in the tire, the tire should be immediately removed for cleaning, and the air seal should be checked. During winter tire changes, the tire should be placed in a greenhouse to restore elasticity. When installing the tire rim, soap should be applied to the tire opening to prevent damage to the tire opening; The new platform should be worn and driven for about 200km before normal use; The clearance between the brake shoe and drum should be adjusted to the design value without dragging; The hub oil seal and brake hydraulic cylinder should have no oil leakage to prevent oil from dripping onto the tire and soaking the rubber; The lateral and radial runout of the wheel assembly should meet the requirements.
3.提高驾驶技术
3. Improve driving skills
起步时应慢抬离合器踏板,平稳起步;行驶时高时速应不超过轮胎级别的时速限制;行驶过程中应尽量避免急加速、急制动和急转向。行车中应注意散落在道路上粗大、尖锐和锋利的物料。当遇有石块和坑洞等障碍物时,应减速通过或避开。
When starting, slowly lift the clutch pedal and start smoothly; The maximum speed during driving should not exceed the speed limit of the tire class; During driving, try to avoid sudden acceleration, sudden braking, and sudden steering. During driving, attention should be paid to coarse, sharp, and sharp materials scattered on the road. When encountering obstacles such as stones and potholes, slow down or avoid them.
4.合理选择和搭配轮胎
4. Reasonable selection and matching of tires
叉车租赁的轮胎规格应根据叉车自重与货重产生的静载荷和叉车行驶时产生的动载荷,并考虑路面和车速的因素来确定;轮胎应装在规定规格的轮辋上;同一车轴应装配相同、规格、花纹和层级的轮胎;换装轮胎时应做到整车同轴换装;所用轮胎应与大设计车速相适应;轮胎换位时,前轮应尽量装配外伤少、磨损轻的轮胎、前轮应尽量装配外伤少、磨损轻的轮胎,轮胎换位后,应按所换胎位的要求重新调整气压;应根据行驶条件选择适当的胎面花纹;安装有花纹的轮胎时,应注意车轮滚动方向的标记。
The tire specifications for forklift leasing should be determined based on the static load generated by the forklift's self weight and cargo weight, as well as the dynamic load generated during forklift operation, taking into account factors such as road surface and vehicle speed; The tire should be installed on the specified specifications of the rim; The same axle should be equipped with tires of the same brand, specification, pattern, and level; When changing tires, it is necessary to ensure that the entire vehicle is coaxial; The tires used should be suitable for the maximum design speed; When replacing tires, the front wheels should be equipped with tires with minimal trauma and light wear as much as possible. The front wheels should be equipped with tires with minimal trauma and light wear as much as possible. After replacing tires, the air pressure should be readjusted according to the requirements of the replaced tire position; Appropriate tread patterns should be selected based on driving conditions; When installing patterned tires, attention should be paid to the marking of the rolling direction of the wheels.
5.注意货物装载平衡,防止轮胎超载。不能用提高胎压的方法来补偿轮胎的超载。
5. Pay attention to the balance of cargo loading to prevent tire overloading. It is not possible to compensate for tire overload by increasing tire pressure.

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