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叉车使用期间的几种防漏措施

来源:https://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2022-11-22 发布人:hangong

随着交通运输经济的快速发展,叉车的应用越来越广泛,叉车市场也在逐步扩大。在使用叉车时,我们需要注意一些细节。下面济南叉车租赁厂家为您讲解下叉车使用期间的几种防漏措施。
With the rapid development of transportation economy, forklift trucks are used more and more widely, and the forklift market is also gradually expanding. When using a forklift, we need to pay attention to some details. Next, the Jinan forklift rental manufacturer will explain several leakage prevention measures during the use of the forklift.
(1)精心处置叉车各种衬垫。如机油盘或气门罩盖,由于接触面积大,不易压实,容易造成漏油。曲轴后油封处漏油,油会渗入离合器,既费油又会使离合器片沾污打滑而烧损。
(1) Carefully dispose of various forklift liners. For example, the oil pan or valve cover is not easy to be compacted due to its large contact area, which is easy to cause oil leakage. The rear oil seal of the crankshaft leaks oil, and the oil will seep into the clutch, which will not only consume oil, but also make the clutch plate dirty and slippery and burn.
(2)按修理规范拧紧各螺母。过松压不紧衬垫会渗油;过紧会使螺孔周围金属凸起或将丝扣拧滑引起漏油。机油盘(箱壳)放油螺塞若未拧紧或回松脱落,容易造成机油大量流失,继而发生“烧瓦抱轴”事故。
(2) Tighten the nuts according to the repair specification. If the gasket is too loose and not tight, it will leak oil; Excessive tightening will cause metal bulge around the screw hole or screw thread slipping, causing oil leakage. If the oil drain plug of the oil pan (tank shell) is not tightened or loosened and falls off, it is easy to cause a large amount of oil loss, and then an accident of "bearing burning and shaft holding" occurs.
(3)及时更换失效油封。油封安装不妥,轴颈与油封刃口不同心,易因偏摆而甩油;有些经长期使用后,会因橡胶老化而失去弹性、密封唇口损坏开裂或自紧弹簧失效,均会丧失封油作用,应按标准修复或更换合格配件。
(3) Replace the failed oil seal in time. The oil seal is improperly installed, and the journal is not concentric with the oil seal blade, which is easy to throw oil due to deflection; After long-term use, some will lose elasticity due to aging of the rubber, the sealing lip will be damaged and cracked, or the self tightening spring will lose its oil sealing effect, so repair or replace qualified accessories according to the standard.
济南叉车租赁
(4)及时更换磨损严重的机件。例如,缸套、活塞、活塞环磨损到一定程度,会使燃烧室内高压气体窜入曲轴箱。
(4) Timely replace the severely worn parts. For example, if the cylinder liner, piston and piston ring are worn to a certain extent, the high-pressure gas in the combustion chamber will enter the crankcase.
(5)及时修换主轴承。当主轴承与轴颈配合间隙过大时,前后油封会因曲轴冲击作用而失去密封性,造成机油从曲轴头部外漏,或向离合器内渗油,从而污染摩擦片导致打滑,工作失效。
(5) Repair and replace the main bearing in time. When the fit clearance between the main bearing and the journal is too large, the front and rear oil seals will lose their sealing performance due to the impact of the crankshaft, resulting in oil leakage from the crankshaft head, or oil leakage into the clutch, which will pollute the friction plate, causing slippage and work failure.
(6)避免单向阀、通气阀堵死。这类阀孔堵死后易引起箱壳内温度、压力升高,活塞运动阻力、油耗增加,油气充满整个空间,润滑油消耗增加和更换周期缩短。由于箱壳内外气压差的作用,往往引起密封薄弱处漏油。应当定期检查、疏通、清洗,以保持单向阀、通气阀畅通。
(6) Avoid blocking of check valve and vent valve. This kind of valve hole blockage is easy to cause the temperature and pressure in the case to rise, the piston movement resistance and oil consumption to increase, the oil and gas fill the entire space, the lubricating oil consumption to increase and the replacement cycle to shorten. Due to the effect of the air pressure difference between the inside and outside of the casing, oil leakage often occurs at the weak sealing position. Regular inspection, dredging and cleaning shall be carried out to keep the one-way valve and vent valve unblocked.
(7)妥善解决各类油管接头密封。管道连接螺母经常拆装,容易因滑丝断扣而松脱,使两接头喇叭口精度变差,因锥面中心线不重合而接触不良,因锥度不同而不相吻合等,由此引起渗油。应在研磨管接头与喇叭口密封或将薄铜皮夹在两锥面后,拧紧、压实螺母,保证密封。
(7) Properly solve the sealing of various oil pipe joints. The pipe connecting nut is often disassembled and assembled, which is easy to be loosened due to the broken thread of the sliding thread, which makes the accuracy of the two joint bell mouth worse, the contact is poor due to the misalignment of the cone surface centerline, and the misalignment is due to the difference of the taper, which causes oil leakage. The nut shall be tightened and compacted to ensure the sealing after grinding the pipe joint and bell mouth or clamping the thin copper sheet on the two conical surfaces.
叉车使用期间的几种防漏措施就讲解到这里了,只有您在使用过程中对其进行有效的维护保养,才能一定程度上延长它的使用寿命。更多相关内容了解就来我们网站http://www.jnhgjx.net咨询!
This is the end of several leakage prevention measures during the use of the forklift. Only when you carry out effective maintenance during the use can you extend its service life to a certain extent. For more information, please come to our website http://www.jnhgjx.net consultation!

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