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济南叉车保养规则有哪些?

来源:http://www.jnhgjx.net/ 日期:2019-03-27 发布人:admin

为了使叉车日常操作正常牢靠,必需坚持预防为主的准绳将叉车颐养制度化、标准化、科学化,因而设备管理人员要制定叉车颐养的规则做到定期定点的对叉车停止必要的颐养工作以进步叉车的运用效率。叉车租赁以为详细颐养规则内容可参考如下:

  In order to make the daily operation of forklift trucks normal and reliable, it is necessary to adhere to the prevention-oriented criterion to institutionalize, standardize and scientifically make forklift maintenance rules, so that equipment managers can stop the necessary maintenance work of forklift trucks at regular fixed points to improve the efficiency of forklift operation. Forklift truck rental rules for detailed accommodation can be referred to as follows:
  叉车的颐养分为四类,即日常颐养,一级颐养,二级颐养
  Forklift accommodation can be divided into four categories: daily accommodation, first-class accommodation and second-class accommodation.
  1、日常维护,每班工作后。
  1. Daily maintenance after each shift.
  2、一级技术颐养,发起机累计运转150小时后,每年工作时间缺乏150小时的内燃叉车每年停止一次一级颐养。
  2. First-class technical self-care. After the cumulative operation of the engine for 150 hours, the internal combustion forklift truck, which lacks 150 hours of working time per year, stops the first-class self-care once a year.
  3、二级技术颐养,发起机累计运转450小时后,每三年工作时间缺乏450小时的内燃叉车,每三年停止一次二级颐养。
  3. Secondary technology self-sufficiency. After 450 hours of cumulative operation of the engine, the internal combustion forklift truck lacks 450 hours of working time every three years. Secondary self-sufficiency is stopped every three years.
  一、 日常维护
  I. Daily Maintenance
  1、 清洗叉车上污垢、泥土和垢埃,重点部位是:货叉架及门架滑道、发电机及起动器、蓄电池电极叉柱、水箱、空气滤清器。
  1. Clean the dirt, soil and dirt on forklift truck. The key parts are: forklift rack and gantry slideway, generator and starter, battery electrode fork column, water tank and air filter.
  2、 检查各部位的紧固状况,重点是:货叉架支承、起重链拉紧螺丝、车轮螺钉、车轮固定销、制动器、转向器螺钉。
  2. Check the tightening condition of each part. The key points are: forklift support, lifting chain tension screw, wheel screw, wheel pin, brake, steering screw.
  3、 检查转向器的牢靠性、灵敏性。
  3. Check the reliability and sensitivity of steering gear.
  4、 检查渗漏状况,重点是:各管接头、柴油箱、机油箱、制动泵、升降油缸、倾斜油缸、水箱、水泵、发起机油底壳、变矩器、变速器、驱动桥、主减速器、液压转向器、转向油缸。
  4. Check the leakage situation. The key points are: pipe fittings, diesel tanks, oil tanks, brake pumps, lifting cylinders, inclined cylinders, water tanks, water pumps, engine oil pan, torque converter, transmission, drive axle, main reducer, hydraulic steering gear, steering cylinder.
  5、轮胎气压检查:缺乏应补充至规则值,确认不漏气。检查轮胎接空中和侧面有无破损,轮辋能否变形。
  5. Tire Pressure Inspection: Lack should be added to the regular value to confirm no leakage. Check whether the tire is damaged in the air and side, and whether the rim can be deformed.
济南叉车租赁
  6、制动液、水量检查:查看制动液能否在刻度范围内,并检查制动管路内能否混入空气。添加制动液时,避免灰尘、水混入。在向叉车水箱加水时,就运用清洁自来水,若运用了防冻液,应加注同样的防冻液。水温高于70℃时,不要翻开水箱盖,翻开盖子时,垫一块薄布,不要带手套拧水箱盖。
  6. Inspection of brake fluid and water quantity: check whether brake fluid can be within the scale range, and check whether air can be mixed into the brake pipeline. When adding brake fluid, avoid mixing dust and water. When adding water to forklift truck water tank, clean tap water is used. If antifreeze is used, the same antifreeze should be injected. When the water temperature is higher than 70 C, do not open the lid of the water tank. When opening the lid, pad a thin cloth. Do not twist the lid of the water tank with gloves.
  7、发起机机油量、液压油、电解液检查:先拔出机油标尺,擦净尺头后插入再拉出检查油位能否在两刻度线之间。工作油箱内油位应在两根刻度线之间;油太少,管路中会混入空气,太多会从盖板溢出。电瓶电解液也同样要处在上下刻度线之间,缺乏则要加蒸馏水到顶线。
  7. Inspection of engine oil quantity, hydraulic oil and electrolyte: first pull out the oil gauge, wipe off the ruler head, then insert and pull out to check whether the oil level can be between the two calibration lines. The oil level in the working tank should be between the two calibration lines; too little oil will mix with air in the pipeline and too much will spill over from the cover plate. Battery electrolyte should also be between the upper and lower scale lines, and distilled water should be added to the top line for lack.
  8、制动踏板、微动踏板、离合器踏板、手制动检查:踩下各踏板,检查能否有异常愚钝或卡阻。手制入手柄的作用力应小于300N,确认手制动平安牢靠。
  8. Brake pedal, fretting pedal, clutch pedal, hand brake check: step on each pedal, check whether there is abnormal dullness or obstruction. The force of the hand brake should be less than 300N to ensure that the hand brake is safe and reliable.
  9、皮带、喇叭、灯光、仪表等检查:检查皮带松紧度能否契合规则,没有调整余量或破损有裂纹,须改换;喇叭、灯光、仪表均应正常有效。
  9. Inspection of belt, horn, lamp, instrument, etc. Check whether the belt tightness conforms to the rules. If there is no adjustment allowance or cracks in the damaged belt, it should be replaced. The horn, lamp and instrument should be normal and effective.
  10、 放去机油滤清器沉淀物。
  10. Remove the oil filter sediment.

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